Congress is expected to work on anotherrelief bill later this month that includes a , and we even have an idea your way.
“As soon as the Senate gets back [from its current break], we are going to sit down on a bipartisan basis with the Republicans and the Democrats,” Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told CNBC on Thursday. “It will be our priority to make sure between the 20th and the end of the month that we pass the next [stimulus] legislation.”
But reaching a consensus over who should qualify for a second stimulus check and who shouldn’t forms the heart of a debate that’s expected to grow heated when the Senate reconvenes from its current recess.
“I think the people who have been hit the hardest are people who make about $40,000 a year or less,” said Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell when asked July 6 about a second stimulus check. “Many of them work in the hospitality industry. So that could well be a part of it.”
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said the $40,000 cut-off may be too low. “I don’t know where the $40,000 came from,” she said Thursday during a press conference. “I think families making over $40,000 probably need assistance, depending on their situation.”
In San Francisco, for example, the US office of Housing and Urban Development defined “very low income limits” at $60,900 for a single earner and $87,000 for a family of four, based on 50% of the metro area’s median income in 2020.
Here’s everything we’ve heard so far about who may or may not be eligible for an extra economic stimulus payment. The situation and this story update often.
Who gets another stimulus payment? The big picture
We won’t know until another rescue bill is made official, but we can piece together some possibilities. For example, the Heroes Act (PDF) passed by the House of Representatives in May proposes broad financial benefits to individuals, families and categories that were skipped by the first stimulus check (scroll down for the list of exclusions), including most college students and people who aren’t US citizens.
But the Heroes Act has been strenuously opposed by the Senate and President Donald Trump, who called it DOA. On the other end of the spectrum, McConnell has said that if the Senate, which his Republican party controls, passes another relief bill that includes more stimulus checks, the focus will be narrow.
In making these decisions, the Senate and House will factor in economic data that is at best contradictory. The US economy added 4.8 million jobs in June (PDF), the Labor Department reported last week, as a result of every state reopening in some way. However, on July 9, the Labor Department reported (PDF) that for the 16th straight week, the number of US workers newly applying for unemployment insurance was above 1 million, with 1.3 million workers filing new state unemployment claims for the week ending July 4 — a sign that the US labor market is still shedding jobs.
And with shutting businesses they had allowed to open just weeks before, threatening to set back new job gains., governors are
Who could potentially qualify for a broad second stimulus payment?
- Individuals who made less than $99,000 according to the adjusted gross income from their 2018 or 2019 taxes (whichever was most recently filed).
- College students, dependents over 17, disabled relatives and a taxpayer’s parent.
- Families of up to five people.
- SSDI recipients
- People who aren’t US citizens and file tax returns, pay taxes and otherwise comply with federal tax law using an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) instead of a Social Security number.
Who might not qualify for a second payment?
Based on speculation, there are some different ways exclusion from a potential second stimulus check could play out.
Nobody qualifies: A stimulus package could be signed into law that gives tax credits and other incentives to businesses. It’s possible some people could get a travel or dining credit, but not a check.
People who make “too much” money: If another round of stimulus payments does pass, but allocations are smaller for IRS payments, it’s possible there could be a lower maximum yearly income (AGI on the tax form) to qualify. In other words, people who make more than a certain amount (that’s lower than the current cutoff of $99,000 for individuals) could potentially be left out of a second round. McConnell hinted the cap could be as low as $40,000; Pelosi asks if a $40,000 cap is too low.
Carryover exclusions from the current CARES Act: Young people between 18 and 24, people who aren’t US citizens but pay taxes, people who are incarcerated.
Who isn’t eligible for the first stimulus check
Let’s review who’s been excluded in the first round.
- A single taxpayer with an adjusted gross income above $99,000
- A head of a household with an AGI over $136,500
- A married couple with an AGI over $198,000
- Children over 16 and college students under age 24
- A nonresident alien as defined by the US government
When will we know more about stimulus check qualifications?
We won’t know anything for sure until a stimulus bill comes into clearer focus. You can read, but in general, here’s what we know.
McConnell has said repeatedly — most recently on July 6 — that if the Senate starts work on a second package, . To fit into McConnell’s timeline, legislators will have to work around several extended breaks when the Senate is not in session: a scheduled two-week recess running now until July 17 and its August recess, running from Aug. 10 to Sept. 7.
For more, here’s what we know about the. We also have information on , and .