Congress seems to be moving closer to a decision on a second round offor individuals and families, but details haven’t yet taken shape. We’ve learned since last week that Washington is likely to decide this month if it will begin crafting a second financial rescue package in response to the .
If Washington does approve another coronavirus stimulus check, it could also be the last. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said last Friday that if Congress does take up another round of stimulus payments, it will be the “final” one, CNBC reported. The Senate leader also said that senators could decide in “about a month” whether to move ahead with a second relief check, according to CNBC.
Congressional leaders are already crafting what another financial package would look like. One bill, the Heroes Act, has passed the Democrat-led House of Representatives. It’s worth $3 trillion in total, 50% more than the first $2 trillion package. The relief act is now before the Republican-dominated Senate, which hasn’t yet taken up the proposed legislation.
So what’s in the current bill and what happens now? We’ll outline common arguments for and against the bill, how much money the Heroes Act proposes and what you can expect to happen in the coming weeks. This story updates frequently with new information and is intended to provide an overview of the situation. If you’re waiting for your money, you can, see some possible reasons why , and use a free USPS service to .
The purpose of a second stimulus check
The firstfor up to $1,200 apiece were initially intended as a one-time payment to help the people and businesses affected by the coronavirus outbreak. That includes people who couldn’t work because they got sick, received limited work hours or lost their jobs when businesses closed as a measure to slow the spread of COVID-19.
The US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported in its monthly assessment that 38.6 million Americans sought unemployment benefits (PDF) in the past 10 weeks. That number is has reached 42 million people, CBS News reported last week.
Earlier this month, White House economic adviser Kevin Hassett projected that unemployment could reach 20% “by June.” That appears to be the case already for Nevada, Hawaii and Michigan. During a recent Senate hearing, the Chair of the Federal Reserve Jerome Powell called for additional economic relief. And earlier this month, the International Monetary Fund forecast a deep global recession that could become the worst since the Great Depression.
Is a second stimulus check a sure thing?
A second stimulus payment isn’t a given. Senate leader McConnell indicated that his arm of Congress has yet to decide if there will even be another package. If there is, he’s suggested that it will be smaller than the previous CARES Act and not larger, as the Heroes Act proposes.
“It will be narrowly crafted, designed to help us where we are a month from now, not where we were three months ago,” McConnell said Friday, CNBC reported.
Is the Senate likely to pass the Heroes Act?
The pushback to the Heroes Act is already strong among members of the Republican-controlled Senate. In May, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell had said that the bill proposed by the House wouldn’t pass as is, but he is open to a second package.
Possible outcomes include the Heroes Act morphing into a different aid package through bipartisan negotiation. It could also fail, with a new proposal taking its place. Or, it could dissipate altogether until a future proposal appears and the process begins anew.
It’s also possible that the Senate or president could quash a second rescue package, although the White House has indicated it would support a second stimulus check of some sort, according to CNBC, though Trump called the Heroes Act “DOA”. Read on for what the Heroes Act proposes and arguments for and against the bill.
Is the IRS done sending the first wave of stimulus checks?
The IRS has distributed the majority of the relief checks, with the last several million to go. If you didn’t get your money yet,. If you’re worried you were supposed to receive your check and didn’t, .
Heroes Act proposal: Who could get a $1,200 check?
If signed into law, thee Heroes Act could include a wide range of benefits, such as a second direct payment to individuals and households of up to $1,200 per family member, according to a fact sheet from the House Appropriations Committee (PDF). Because it’s still a proposal, the details of the stimulus package are undecided, but here are outlines of the bill as it stands today.
Individuals: Under the proposed law, an eligible person would receive $1,200 if their adjusted gross income, or AGI, from their 2019 federal tax filing or 2018 filing (if you proposed payments by income (PDF).) was less than $75,000. As with the , payments would incrementally decrease as your AGI goes up. A chart from the Congressional Research Service shows
Children and dependents: Each dependent would qualify for a $1,200 payment. That includes college students, children over 17, disabled relatives and a taxpayer’s parent. This detail differs from the previous CARES Act, which provided a $500 payment just for children age 16 and under. Under the bill (PDF), dependents would receive retroactive payments to compensate for being passed over in the first stimulus package.
Families: Households would qualify for a maximum payment of $6,000 total, capped at five family members at $1,200 apiece. Your scale of your payment allowance would begin to decrease as you surpass an AGI of $150,000 for married couples filing jointly, or $112,500 for heads of household.
Noncitizens: To qualify for a payment under the current CARES Act, US residents are required to have a Social Security number. With the Heroes Act, those without a Social Security number could instead use an individual taxpayer identification number, which will allow noncitizens to qualify for a payment. As with the stipulation for dependents, people who qualify in this category would receive retroactive payments from the first stimulus package.
What other benefits does the Heroes Act propose?
The Heroes Act, officially the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act, includes a handful of additional measures to provide support for individuals and businesses.
Unemployment benefits: The bill would carry over the current enhanced unemployment benefit of $600 per week (on top of states’ typical unemployment payout) to January 2021.
Payroll protection: The Heroes Act would expand the employee retention tax credit to help employers keep workers on the payroll.
Funds for essential workers: Under the bill, state and local governments would receive $1 trillion to pay salaries for first responders, health care workers, teachers and other essential workers in danger of losing their jobs. The bill would also fund hazard pay for workers with high-risk jobs.
Coronavirus testing, tracing and treatment: The bill would include $75 billion to provide forand .
Support for businesses: The bill would bolster the Payroll Protection Plan, which provides payroll assistance to small businesses, and provide additional funding for the US Postal Service.
Arguments for and against a second stimulus bill
With the bill moving from the House of Representatives to the Senate for debate, here are some of the arguments on both sides of the discussion.
What proponents of the Heroes Act say: Since the middle of March, more than 38 million US workers who have lost their jobs have filed for unemployment. The actual number of those unemployed could be millions higher, according to the Economic Policy Institute, because many people who are eligible were unable to file a jobless claim. With the job losses, the nation’s unemployment rate reached 17.2% (PDF), according to the US Department of Labor. Newly unemployed people, along with others taking an economic hit from the pandemic, would benefit from having more money to spend right now.
What opponents of the Heroes Act say: Some in Washington, including McConnell, question whether the preceding relief measures have met their goals and want to focus on short-term economic measures. McConnell and others have also expressed concern about how additional stimulus packages will increase the historic federal deficit. Because that payment is available in addition to regular jobless benefits and enhanced unemployment benefits of $600 per week, some critics worry it will make it harder to reduce unemployment if people don’t have an incentive to return to work.
What will it take for a second stimulus check to happen?
It’s clear that a second stimulus check won’t happen immediately. If the Senate won’t make a decision for a month, it could take weeks after any legislation happens for a check to come your way.
It’s widely believed that Republicans will reject the Heroes Act in whole or in part, and earlier reports indicated that the Senate might work with The White House on their own stimulus package. McConnell has said more aid may be necessary, but it may take a different form than the House bill being proposed — and one worth less than a third of the proposal. Congress is also working to make it easier to forgive small business loans that are part of the CARES Act that passed in March.
In order to receive a second stimulus check, any new coronavirus rescue package that passes both the House and the Senate would still need a signature from President Trump before it could take effect. After that, the IRS now has a system in place to organize and distribute those checks.
We’ll continue to update this story with new information as it arises. While the future of a second stimulus bill remains undecided, we’d like to share available resources about, , and , and how to .